Research Article|Articles in Press

Cross-sectional association between neighborhood socioeconomic status and sleep duration among Black and white men and women: The Southern Community Cohort Study

  • Samuel H. Nyarko
    Corresponding author: Samuel H. Nyarko, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics & Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), 1200 Pressler St, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Tel: +1 210-941-7122.
    Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics & Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, Texas, USA
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  • Liying Luo
    Department of Sociology and Criminology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • David G. Schlundt
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
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  • Qian Xiao
    Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics & Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, Texas, USA
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Published:April 10, 2023DOI:



      To examine the association of neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) with sleep duration among a large cohort of Black and white men and women in the United States.


      We used data from the Southern Community Cohort Study (SCCS, N = 75,248). Neighborhood SES was based on census data and sleep duration was measured by self-report. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between neighborhood SES and short (<7 hours) and long (≥9 hours) sleep in the overall sample and according to race–sex subgroups.


      In the total sample, when compared with the highest quintile of neighborhood SES, the lowest quintile was associated with higher odds of both short (adjusted ORQ5 vs. Q1 [95% CI], 1.10 [1.03, 1.17]) and long sleep (1.37 [1.24, 1.52]). In race–sex specific analysis, the association between lower neighborhood SES and short sleep was only observed among white women (1.21 [1.05, 1.40]), but not in other subgroups. On the other hand, the association between lower neighborhood SES and long sleep duration was primarily observed among Black women (1.31 [1.06, 1.60]).


      The association between neighborhood SES and sleep duration varied among race-and-sex subgroups. These findings provide new evidence on the importance of considering individual sociodemographic characteristics in understanding the potential effects of neighborhood socioeconomic context on sleep health.


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