Advertisement

Relationship of sleep regularity with device-based sedentary behavior time and physical activity time in working adults

Published:November 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2022.10.002

      Abstract

      Objectives

      This study aimed to investigate the association of sleep regularity with time spent in sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) in adults with full-time jobs.

      Methods

      This was a cross-sectional study. Adults aged 21-64 years with full-time jobs were recruited between August 2019 and December 2020 in Taiwan. The time spent in SB/PA was assessed using triaxial accelerometers (Actigraph wGT3x-BT), and PA was further classified into light-intensity physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA). Each participant recorded their daily sleep patterns and work hours in a log, which was further used to measure sleep variability and social jet lag. Linear regression was applied to examine the associations of indicators of sleep regularity with SB time and PA time.

      Results

      A total of 192 adults (men = 28.13%; mean age = 38.56 ± 8.89 years) were included in this study. After adjusting for potential covariates, greater social jet lag was related to more SB time (unstandardized coefficient [B] = 14.39, P = .005) and less LPA time (B = −0.02, P = .010). No evidence of an association between other indicators of sleep regularity with SB/PA time was found.

      Conclusions

      These results provide evidence for a relationship between sleep regularity and SB/PA time in working adults. Maintaining regular sleep, especially a small social jet lag, was suggested to promote physical activity and avoid a sedentary lifestyle. Future research is recommended to examine work-related influences on the associations and bidirectional relationship between sleep regularity and SB/PA.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Tremblay MS
        • Aubert S
        • Barnes JD
        • et al.
        Sedentary Behavior Research Network (SBRN) – Terminology Consensus Project process and outcome.
        Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017; 14: 75https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0525-8
        • Ainsworth BE
        • Haskell WL
        • Herrmann SD
        • et al.
        2011 Compendium of physical activities: a second update of codes and MET values.
        Med Sci Sports Exercise. 2011; 43https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31821ece12
        • Ding D
        • Mutrie N
        • Bauman A
        • Pratt M
        • Hallal PRC
        • Powell KE.
        Physical activity guidelines 2020: comprehensive and inclusive recommendations to activate populations.
        Lancet (London, England). 2020; 396: 1780-1782https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)32229-7
        • Füzéki E
        • Engeroff T
        • Banzer W.
        Health benefits of light-intensity physical activity: a systematic review of accelerometer data of the national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES).
        Sports Med. 2017/09/01. 2017; 47: 1769-1793https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0724-0
        • Biswas A
        • Oh PI
        • Faulkner GE
        • et al.
        Sedentary time and its association with risk for disease incidence, mortality, and hospitalization in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Ann Intern Med. 2015; 162: 123-132https://doi.org/10.7326/m14-1651
        • World Health Organization
        Global action plan on physical activity 2018–2030: more active people for a healthier world.
        World Health Organization, 2018
        • López-Valenciano A
        • Mayo X
        • Liguori G
        • Copeland RJ
        • Lamb M
        • Jimenez A.
        Changes in sedentary behaviour in European Union adults between 2002 and 2017.
        BMC Public Health. 2020; 20: 1206https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09293-1
        • Laposky AD
        • Bass J
        • Kohsaka A
        • Turek FW.
        Sleep and circadian rhythms: key components in the regulation of energy metabolism.
        FEBS Lett. 2008; 582: 142-151https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2007.06.079
        • Serin Y
        • Acar Tek N
        Effect of circadian rhythm on metabolic processes and the regulation of energy balance.
        Ann Nutr Metab. 2019; 74: 322-330https://doi.org/10.1159/000500071
        • Fischer D
        • Klerman EB
        • Phillips AJK.
        Measuring sleep regularity: theoretical properties and practical usage of existing metrics.
        Sleep. 2021; 44: zsab103https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsab103
        • Chaput J-P
        • Dutil C
        • Featherstone R
        • et al.
        Sleep timing, sleep consistency, and health in adults: a systematic review.
        Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020; 45: S232-S247https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2020-0032
        • Zuraikat FM
        • Makarem N
        • Redline S
        • Aggarwal B
        • Jelic S
        • St-Onge M-P
        Sleep Regularity and Cardiometabolic Heath: Is Variability in Sleep Patterns a Risk Factor for Excess Adiposity and Glycemic Dysregulation?20. Current Diabetes Reports, 2020: 38https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-020-01324-w
        • Roenneberg T
        • Kuehnle T
        • Juda M
        • et al.
        Epidemiology of the human circadian clock.
        Sleep Med Rev. 2007; 11: 429-438https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2007.07.005
        • Duncan MJ
        • Kline CE
        • Rebar AL
        • Vandelanotte C
        • Short CE.
        Greater bed- and wake-time variability is associated with less healthy lifestyle behaviors: a cross-sectional study.
        J Public Health. 2016; 24: 31-40https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-015-0693-4
        • Alves MS
        • Andrade RZ
        • Silva GC
        • et al.
        Social jetlag among night workers is negatively associated with the frequency of moderate or vigorous physical activity and with energy expenditure related to physical activity.
        J Biol Rhythms. 2017; 32: 83-93https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730416682110
        • Savin KL
        • Patel SR
        • Clark TL
        • et al.
        Relationships of sleep duration, midpoint, and variability with physical activity in the HCHS/SOL Sueño Ancillary Study.
        Behav Sleep Med. 2020; : 1-12https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2020.1820335
        • Hafner M
        • Stepanek M
        • Taylor J
        • Troxel WM
        • van Stolk C.
        Why sleep matters-the economic costs of insufficient sleep: a cross-country comparative analysis.
        RAND Health Q. 2017; 6: 11https://doi.org/10.7249/RR1791
        • Prince SA
        • Elliott CG
        • Scott K
        • Visintini S
        • Reed JL.
        Device-measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health and fitness across occupational groups: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2019; 16: 30https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0790-9
        • Fukushima N
        • Kikuchi H
        • Amagasa S
        • et al.
        Exposure to prolonged sedentary behavior on weekdays rather than weekends in white-collar workers in comparison with blue-collar workers.
        J Occup Health. 2021; 63: e12246https://doi.org/10.1002/1348-9585.12246
        • Clemes SA
        • O'Connell SE
        • Edwardson CL.
        Office workers' objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity during and outside working hours.
        J Occup Environ Med. 2014; 56: 298-303https://doi.org/10.1097/jom.0000000000000101
        • Migueles JH
        • Cadenas-Sanchez C
        • Ekelund U
        • et al.
        Accelerometer data collection and processing criteria to assess physical activity and other outcomes: a systematic review and practical considerations.
        Sports Med. 2017; 47: 1821-1845https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0716-0
        • Prince SA
        • Adamo KB
        • Hamel ME
        • Hardt J
        • Gorber SC
        • Tremblay M.
        A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in adults: a systematic review.
        Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2008; 5: 56https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-5-56
        • Kelly LA
        • McMillan DGE
        • Anderson A
        • Fippinger M
        • Fillerup G
        • Rider J.
        Validity of actigraphs uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers for assessment of physical activity in adults in laboratory conditions.
        BMC Med Phys. 2013; 13: 5https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-6649-13-5
        • Heiland EG
        • Ekblom Ö
        • Bojsen-Møller E
        • Larisch LM
        • Blom V
        • Ekblom MM.
        Bi-directional, day-to-day associations between objectively-measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep among office workers.
        Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021; 18https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157999
        • Aguilar-Farías N
        • Brown WJ
        • Peeters GM.
        ActiGraph GT3X+ cut-points for identifying sedentary behaviour in older adults in free-living environments.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2014; 17: 293-299https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.07.002
        • Keadle SK
        • Shiroma EJ
        • Freedson PS
        • Lee IM.
        Impact of accelerometer data processing decisions on the sample size, wear time and physical activity level of a large cohort study.
        BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 1210https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1210
        • Troiano RP.
        Large-scale applications of accelerometers: new frontiers and new questions.
        Med Sci Sports Exercise. 2007; 39: 1501https://doi.org/10.1097/mss.0b013e318150d42e
        • Cepeda M
        • Koolhaas CM
        • van Rooij FJA
        • et al.
        Seasonality of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep in a middle-aged and elderly population: The Rotterdam study. 110. Maturitas, 2018: 41-50https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.01.016
        • Li Y
        • Zhou Z
        • Chen N
        • He L
        • Zhou M.
        Seasonal variation in the occurrence of ischemic stroke: A meta-analysis. 41. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 2019: 2113-2130https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-019-00265-y
        • Hirshkowitz M
        • Whiton K
        • Albert SM
        • et al.
        National Sleep Foundation's sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary.
        Sleep Health. 2015; 1: 40-43https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2014.12.010
        • Hagstromer M
        • Ainsworth BE
        • Oja P
        • Sjostrom M.
        Comparison of a subjective and an objective measure of physical activity in a population sample.
        J Phys Act Health. 2010; 7: 541-550https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.7.4.541
        • Takaesu Y
        • Shimura A
        • Komada Y
        • et al.
        Association of sleep duration on workdays or free days and social jetlag with job stress.
        Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2021; 75 (DOI: 10.1111/pcn.13274): 244-249https://doi.org/10.1111/pcn.13274
        • Sűdy Á R
        • Ella K
        • Bódizs R
        • Káldi K
        Association of social jetlag with sleep quality and autonomic cardiac control during sleep in young healthy men.
        Front Neurosci. 2019; 13: 950https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00950
        • Caliandro R
        • Streng AA
        • van Kerkhof LWM
        • van der Horst GTJ
        • Chaves I.
        Social jetlag and related risks for human health: a timely review.
        Nutrients. 2021; 13: 4543https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124543
        • Kouvonen A
        • Vahtera J
        • Oksanen T
        • et al.
        Chronic workplace stress and insufficient physical activity: a cohort study.
        Occup Environ Med. 2013; 70: 3https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2012-100808
        • Štefan L
        • Sporiš G
        • Krističević T
        • Knjaz D.
        Associations between sleep quality and its domains and insufficient physical activity in a large sample of Croatian young adults: a cross-sectional study.
        BMJ Open. 2018; 8e021902https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021902
        • Hargens TA
        • Scott MC
        • Olijar V
        • Bigman M
        • Edwards ES.
        Markers of poor sleep quality increase sedentary behavior in college students as derived from accelerometry.
        Sleep Breathing. 2021; 25: 537-544https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02190-2
        • Marcheva B
        • Ramsey KM
        • Buhr ED
        • et al.
        Disruption of the clock components CLOCK and BMAL1 leads to hypoinsulinaemia and diabetes.
        Nature. 2010; 466: 627-631https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09253
        • Lang CJ
        • Reynolds AC
        • Appleton SL
        • et al.
        Sociodemographic and behavioural correlates of social jetlag in Australian adults: results from the 2016 National Sleep Health Foundation Study.
        Sleep Med. 2018; 51: 133-139https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.06.014
        • Hart TL
        • Ainsworth BE
        • Tudor-Locke C.
        Objective and subjective measures of sedentary behavior and physical activity.
        Med Sci Sports Exercise. 2011; 43: 449-456https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181ef5a93
        • Youngstedt SD
        • Elliott JA
        • Kripke DF.
        Human circadian phase–response curves for exercise.
        J Physiol. 2019; 597 (DOI: 10.1113/JP276943): 2253-2268https://doi.org/10.1113/JP276943
        • Thomas JM
        • Kern PA
        • Bush HM
        • et al.
        Circadian rhythm phase shifts caused by timed exercise vary with chronotype.
        JCI Insight. 2020; 5https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.134270
        • Atoui S
        • Chevance G
        • Romain AJ
        • Kingsbury C
        • Lachance JP
        • Bernard P.
        Daily associations between sleep and physical activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Sleep Med Rev. 2021; 57101426https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2021.101426