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Sleep and self-efficacy: The role of domain specificity in predicting sleep health

  • Author Footnotes
    # Present address: 800 W Franklin St. Rm. 203, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
    Sarah M. Ghose
    Footnotes
    # Present address: 800 W Franklin St. Rm. 203, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
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  • Joseph M. Dzierzewski
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: Joseph Dzierzewski, PhD, National Sleep Foundation, 2001 Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Affiliations
    National Sleep Foundation, Washington, DC, USA
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    # Present address: 800 W Franklin St. Rm. 203, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
    Natalie D. Dautovich
    Footnotes
    # Present address: 800 W Franklin St. Rm. 203, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    # Present address: 800 W Franklin St. Rm. 203, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
Published:November 01, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2022.09.008

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Although a number of empirically supported sleep interventions exist, sleep-related beliefs remain largely unexplored as clinical tools for enhancing existing interventions. The present study aimed to determine the differential associations between general and sleep self-efficacy with sleep health among a sample of adults

      Participants

      Participants were 3284 adults (Mean Age = 43 years, 48.5% female, 6.4% other-identifying, 80.8% white).

      Measurements

      Participants completed measures of self-efficacy (general and sleep self-efficacy) and sleep health as part of their involvement in a larger online study. General self-efficacy and sleep self-efficacy were measured with the General Self-Efficacy and Sleep Self-Efficacy scales respectively. Sleep was assessed with the RegUlarity, Satisfaction, Alertness, Timing, Efficiency, Duration scale. A structural equation model was conducted to determine the associations between measures of general and sleep self-efficacy and sleep health, represented by 2-factors derived from the RegUlarity, Satisfaction, Alertness, Timing, Efficiency, Duration measure.

      Results

      The structural model evidenced adequate to good fit to the data and indicated that both general and sleep self-efficacies were directly associated with the latent sleep quality/quantity and circadian rhythm outcomes. Higher general and sleep self-efficacies were positively associated with sleep regularity, timing, and alertness. Higher sleep self-efficacy and lower general self-efficacy were associated with higher sleep satisfaction, duration, and efficiency.

      Conclusions

      Findings highlight the importance of domain specificity in the association between self-efficacy and sleep health outcomes. There is a need for more research into and application of interventions targeted toward increasing sleep self-efficacy as a potential avenue to improve sleep health.

      Keywords

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