Virtual special issue: Updates on school start times and adolescent sleep health

Published:October 21, 2022DOI:
      Over 3 decades of empirical research have demonstrated that delaying school start time for high schoolers to 8:30 AM or later is a cost-effective and equitable policy decision to help improve the sleep health of adolescents. In 2017, Dr Wendy Troxel and Dr Amy Wolfson served as guest editors for a special Sleep Health issue focused on school start times and adolescent sleep. Since the publication of that special issue, the sleep health scientific and advocacy community has made substantial headway in both the policy and research fronts concerning healthy school start times for adolescents. Most notably, with the launch of the 2022/2023 school year, the state of California has implemented legislative bill SB328, the first statewide law that mandates healthy school start times for most middle and high schools in California. Similar legislation is being proposed in other states, including New Jersey and New York. In light of this watershed legislation and ongoing legislative discussion that reflects the intersection of sleep science with policy, we have compiled articles published in Sleep Health since the 2017 special issue, focused on topics relevant to school start times and adolescent sleep.
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        • Ziporyn T.D.
        • Owens J.A.
        • Wahlstrom K.L.
        • et al.
        Adolescent sleep health and school start times: setting the research agenda for California and beyond. A research summit summary.
        Sleep Health. 2022; 8: 11-22
        • de Araújo L.B.G.
        • Bianchin S.
        • Pedrazzoli M.
        • et al.
        Multiple positive outcomes of a later school starting time for adolescents.
        Sleep Health. 2022; S2352-7218: 00057-2
        • McKeever PM
        • Dod R.
        • O'Sullivan D.M.
        Delayed high school start times and graduation and attendance rates over four years: the impact of race and socioeconomics.
        J Clin Sleep Med. 2022; (Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35903946)
        • Whitaker R.C.
        • Dearth-Wesley T.
        • Herman A.N.
        • et al.
        A quasi-experimental study of the impact of school start time changes on adolescents' mood, self-regulation, safety, and health.
        Sleep Health. 2019; 5: 466-469
        • Meltzer L.J.
        • Wahlstrom K.L.
        • Plog A.E.
        • McNally J.
        Impact of changing school start times on parent sleep.
        Sleep Health. 2022; 8: 130-134
        • Weingart R.
        • Bryan C.
        • Olson D.
        • et al.
        Adolescent sleep duration and timing during early COVID-19 school closures.
        Sleep Health. 2021; 7: 543-547
        • Stefansdottir R.
        • Rognvaldsdottir V.
        • Gestsdottir S.
        • et al.
        Changes in sleep and activity from age 15 to 17 in students with traditional and college-style school schedules.
        Sleep Health. 2020; 6: 749-757
        • Swinnerton L.
        • Moldovan A.A.
        • Mann C.M.
        • Durrant S.J.
        • Mireku M.O.
        Lecture start time and sleep characteristics: analysis of daily diaries of undergraduate students from the LoST-Sleep project.
        Sleep Health. 2021; 7: 565-571
        • Cook J.D.
        • Peppard P.E.
        • Blair E..E
        • Tran K.M.
        • Hertting M.C.
        • Plante D.T.
        Associations of school night sleep duration and circadian preference with middle school-aged student attendance, tardiness, and suspension.
        Sleep Health. 2021; 7: 708-715
        • Bowen A.E.
        • Staggs S.
        • Kaar J.
        • Nokoff N.
        • Simon S.L.
        Short sleep, insomnia symptoms, and evening chronotype are correlated with poorer mood and quality of life in adolescent transgender males.
        Sleep Health. 2021; 7: 445-450
        • Meldrum R.C.
        • Jackson D.B.
        • Zgoba K.
        • Testa A.
        Sleep duration, handgun carrying, and taking a handgun to school: an analysis of a statewide sample of Florida youth.
        Sleep Health. 2020; 6: 153-158
      1. Sampasa-Kanyinga, H., Lien, A., Hamilton, H.A., & Chaput, J.-P. Cyberbullying involvement and short sleep duration among adolescents. Sleep Health.

      2. Trude, A.C.B., Armstrong, B., Kramer Fiala Machado, A., et al. Waking up to sleep's role in obesity and blood pressure among Black adolescent girls in low-income, US urban communities: a longitudinal analysis. Sleep Health.

        • Guglielmo D.
        • Gazmararian J.A.
        • Chung J.
        • Rogers A.E.
        • Hale L.
        Racial/ethnic sleep disparities in US school-aged children and adolescents: a review of the literature.
        Sleep Health. 2018; 1: 68-80
        • Tomfohr-Madsen L.
        • Cameron E.E.
        • Dhillon A.
        • et al.
        Neighborhood socioeconomic status and child sleep duration: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Sleep Health. 2020; 6: 550-562
        • Palimaru A.I.
        • Brown R.A.
        • Troxel W.M.
        • et al.
        Understanding sleep facilitators, barriers, and cultural dimensions in Native American urban youth.
        Sleep Health. 2020; 6: 478-488
        • Jones R.D.
        • Jackson W.B.2nd
        • Mazzei A.
        • et al.
        Ethnoracial sleep disparities among college students living in dormitories in the United States: a nationally representative study.
        Sleep Health. 2020; 6: 40-47