Advertisement

Reciprocal associations between adolescent peer relationships and sleep

      Abstract

      Objective

      The present study investigated the bidirectional associations of adolescent peer experiences and sleep/wake problems during early adolescence.

      Design

      The study used a two-wave longitudinal design.

      Setting

      Participants were recruited from a small urban community in the Midwestern United States.

      Participants

      At T1, participants included 100 adolescents (53% boys; mean age = 11.05 years, SD = 0.33) and their mothers (96% biological), and 78 teachers (62% female). At T2, 89 adolescents and their mothers returned; 76 teachers participated. The racial/ethnic composition of the sample of adolescents and mothers included 57%–63% European American and 43%–37% racial/ethnic minorities (e.g., African American, Hispanic/Latino).

      Measurements

      At both waves, adolescents reported on their sleep quality (sleep/wake problems). Adolescent-, mother-, and teacher-reported peer victimization were composited at each wave, and a composite for positive peer relationships included adolescent-reported friendship quality; adolescent-, mother-, and teacher-reported friends’ prosociality; and mother- and teacher-reported peer acceptance.

      Results

      Findings from cross-lagged panel models revealed some support for reciprocal associations such that T1 positive peer relationships predicted fewer T2 sleep problems and T1 sleep problems predicted less positive peer relationships at T2. However, only T1 sleep problems predicted more peer victimization at T2, controlling for T1 peer victimization, with the effect driven by adolescent-reported peer victimization.

      Conclusions

      Findings provide new insight for prevention and intervention efforts regarding the potential protective function of positive peer relationships in reducing sleep problems, as well as the need to address sleep problems as a means to promote more positive peer relationships and less peer victimization over time.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Shochat T.
        • Cohen-Zion M.
        • Tzischinsky O
        Functional consequences of inadequate sleep in adolescents: a systematic review.
        Sleep Med Rev. 2014; 18: 75-87https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2013.03.005
        • Donoghue C.
        • Meltzer L.J
        Sleep it off: bullying and sleep disturbances in adolescents.
        J Adolesc. 2018; 68: 87-93https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.07.012
        • Tu K.M.
        • Spencer C.W.
        • El-Sheikh M.
        • Erath S.A
        Peer victimization predicts sleep problems in early adolescence.
        J Early Adolesc. 2019; 39: 67-80https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431617725199
        • van Geel M.
        • Goemans A.
        • Vedder P.H
        The relation between peer victimization and sleeping problems: a meta-analysis.
        Sleep Med Rev. 2016; 27: 89-95https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2015.05.004
        • Zimmer-Gembeck M.J.
        • Duffy A.L.
        • Stuart J
        Let's get physical: recent research on relations of adolescent peer victimization with psychosomatic symptoms, sleep, and body weight.
        J Appl Biobehav Res. 2019; 24: e12162https://doi.org/10.1111/jabr.12162
        • Morrow M.T.
        • Hubbard J.A.
        • Barhight L.J.
        • Thomson A.K
        Fifth-grade children's daily experiences of peer victimization and negative emotions: moderating effects of sex and peer rejection.
        J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2014; 42: 1089-1102https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9870-0
        • Dahl R.E.
        The regulation of sleep and arousal: development and psychopathology.
        Dev Psychopathol. 1996; 8: 3-27
        • Sampasa-Kanyinga H.
        • Chaput J.-.P.
        • Hamilton H.A.
        • Colman I
        Bullying involvement, psychological distress, and short sleep duration among adolescents.
        Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2018; 53: 1371-1380https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1590-2
        • Zych I.
        • Farrington D.P.
        • Ttofi M.M
        Protective factors against bullying and cyberbullying: a systematic review of meta-analyses.
        Aggress Violent Behav. 2019; 45: 4-19https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.06.008
        • Herge W.M.
        • La Greca A.M.
        • Chan S.F
        Adolescent peer victimization and physical health problems.
        J Pediatr Psychol. 2016; 41: 15-27https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsv050
        • Reijntjes A.
        • Kamphuis J.H.
        • Prinzie P.
        • Boelen P.A.
        • van der Schoot M.
        • Telch M.J
        Prospective linkages between peer victimization and externalizing problems in children: a meta-analysis.
        Aggress Behav. 2011; 37: 215-222https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20374
        • Reijntjes A.
        • Kamphuis J.H.
        • Prinzie P.
        • Telch M.J
        Peer victimization and internalizing problems in children: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.
        Child Abuse Negl. 2010; 34: 244-252https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHIABU.2009.07.009
        • Nakamoto J.
        • Schwartz D.
        Is peer victimization associated with academic achievement? A meta-analytic review.
        Soc Dev. 2010; 19: 221-242https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2009.00539.x
        • Agostini A.
        • Lushington K.
        • Dorrian J
        The relationships between bullying, sleep, and health in a large adolescent sample.
        Sleep Biol Rhythms. 2019; 17: 173-182https://doi.org/10.1007/s41105-018-0197-z
        • Vaughn B.E.
        • Elmore-Staton L.
        • Shin N.
        • El-Sheikh M
        Sleep as a support for social competence, peer relations, and cognitive functioning in preschool children.
        Behav Sleep Med. 2015; 13: 92-106https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2013.845778
        • Hatzinger M.
        • Brand S.
        • Perren S.
        • et al.
        Electroencephalographic sleep profiles and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-activity in kindergarten children: early indication of poor sleep quality associated with increased cortisol secretion.
        J Psychiatr Res. 2008; 42: 532-543https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2007.05.010
        • Chang L.-Y.
        • Wu W.-.C.
        • Wu C.-.C.
        • Lin L.N.
        • Yen L.-L.
        • Chang H.-.Y.
        The role of sleep problems in the relationship between peer victimization and antisocial behavior: a five-year longitudinal study.
        Soc Sci Med. 2017; 173: 126-133https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SOCSCIMED.2016.11.025
        • Chang L.-Y
        • Wu C.-.C.
        • Lin L.N.
        • Chang H.-.Y.
        • Yen L.-L
        Age and sex differences in the effects of peer victimization on depressive symptoms: exploring sleep problems as a mediator.
        J Affect Disord. 2019; 245: 553-560https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JAD.2018.11.027
        • Tavernier R.
        • Willoughby T.
        Bidirectional associations between sleep (quality and duration) and psychosocial functioning across the university years.
        Dev Psychol. 2014; 50: 674-682https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034258
        • Larose-Grégoire É.
        • Bernier A.
        • Dirks M.
        • Perrier R
        Associations between sleep consolidation in infancy and peer relationships in middle childhood.
        Soc Dev. 2018; 27: 308-321https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12273
        • Brand S.
        • Hatzinger M.
        • Stadler C.
        • et al.
        Does objectively assessed sleep at five years predict sleep and psychological functioning at 14 years? - Hmm, yes and no!.
        J Psychiatr Res. 2015; 60: 148-155https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.10.007
        • Baum K.T.
        • Desai A.
        • Field J.
        • Miller L.E.
        • Rausch J.
        • Beebe D.W
        Sleep restriction worsens mood and emotion regulation in adolescents.
        J Child Psychol Psychiatry Allied Discip. 2014; 55: 180-190https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12125
        • El-Sheikh M.
        • Buckhalt J.A.
        • Keller P.S.
        • Granger D.A
        Children's objective and subjective sleep disruptions: links with afternoon cortisol levels.
        Heal Psychol. 2008; 27: 26-33https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.27.1.26
        • El-Sheikh M.
        • Bagley E.J.
        • Keiley M.
        • Elmore-Staton L.
        • Chen E.
        • Buckhalt J.A
        Economic adversity and children's sleep problems: multiple indicators and moderation of effects.
        Heal Psychol. 2013; 32: 849-859https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030413
        • Killgore W.D.S.
        • Kahn-Greene E.T.
        • Lipizzi E.L.
        • Newman R.A.
        • Kamimori G.H.
        • Balkin T.J
        Sleep deprivation reduces perceived emotional intelligence and constructive thinking skills.
        Sleep Med. 2008; 9: 517-526https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2007.07.003
        • Rose A.J.
        • Smith R.L.
        Sex differences in peer relationships.
        in: Rubin K.H. Bukowski W.M. Laursen B. Handbook of Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Groups. The Guilford Press, New York2009: 379-393
        • Marco C.A.
        • Wolfson A.R.
        • Sparling M.
        • Azuaje A
        Family socioeconomic status and sleep patterns of young adolescents.
        Behav Sleep Med. 2011; 10: 70-80https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2012.636298
        • Kochenderfer-Ladd B
        Peer victimization: the role of emotions in adaptive and maladaptive coping.
        Soc Dev. 2004; 13: 329-349https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2004.00271.x
        • Crick N.R.
        • Grotpeter J.K.
        Children's treatment by peers: victims of relational and overt aggression.
        Dev Psychopathol. 1996; 8: 367https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400007148
        • Parker J.G.
        • Asher S.R.
        Friendship and friendship quality in middle childhood: links with peer group acceptance and feelings of loneliness and social dissatisfaction.
        Dev Psychol. 1993; 29: 611-621https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.29.4.611
        • Dishion T.J.
        • Patterson G.R.
        • Stoolmiller M.
        • Skinner M.L
        Family, school, and behavioral antecedents to early adolescent involvement with antisocial peers.
        Dev Psychol. 1991; 27: 172-180https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.27.1.172
        • Dodge K.A.
        A social information processing model of social competence in children.
        in: Perlmutter M. Minnesota Symposium in Child Psychology. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ1986: 77-125
        • Wolfson A.R.
        • Carskadon M.A.
        Sleep schedules and daytime functioning in adolescents.
        Child Dev. 1998; 69: 875-887https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1998.tb06149.x
        • Kovacs M.
        Children's Depression Inventory.
        Multi-Health Systems, North Tonawanda, NY1992
        • Muthén L.K.
        • Muthén B.O.
        Mplus User's Guide.
        8th ed. Muthén & Muthén, Los Angeles, CA2017
        • Schafer J.L.
        • Graham J.W
        Missing data: our view of the state of the art.
        Psychol Methods. 2002; 7: 147-177https://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.7.2.147
        • Løhre A.
        • Lydersen S.
        • Paulsen B.
        • Mæhle M.
        • Vatten L.J
        Peer victimization as reported by children, teachers, and parents in relation to children's health symptoms.
        BMC Public Health. 2011; : 11https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-278
        • Pouwels J.L.
        • Souren P.M.
        • Lansu T.A.M.
        • Cillessen A.H.N
        Stability of peer victimization: a meta-analysis of longitudinal research.
        Dev Rev. 2016; 40: 1-24https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dr.2016.01.001
        • Sadeh III, A
        Sleep assessment methods.
        Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2015; 80: 33-48https://doi.org/10.1111/mono.12143
        • Spriggs A.L.
        • Iannotti R.J.
        • Nansel T.R.
        • Haynie D.L
        Adolescent bullying involvement and perceived family, peer and school relations: commonalities and differences across race/ethnicity.
        J Adolesc Heal. 2007; 41: 283-293https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.04.009
        • Tu K.M.
        • Li X
        • Cohen J.R.
        The “heart” of depression during early adolescence.
        Dev Psychobiol. 2019; 61: 1168-1179https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112684
        • Tu K.M.
        • Ravindran N.
        Getting under the skin: Maternal social coaching and adolescent peer adjustment.
        J Appl Dev Psychol. 2020; 66: 101091https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2019.101091