After inadequate official response to community concerns over water quality following changes in Flint's municipal water supply, this study sought evidence for a relationship between water quality and community mental health.
The Speak to Your Health Community Survey is a community-based participatory component of the health surveillance system in Genesee County, Michigan. This cross-sectional survey recruits participants from every residential Census Tract of the county and strives for demographic representativeness.
Respondents (n = 834) rated their tap water quality (taste, smell, appearance) as poor (36%), fair (18%), good (20%), very good (17%), and excellent (10%). They rated their sleep quality as poor (12%), fair (28%), good (39%), very good (18%), and excellent (4%), and had an average (SD) sleep length of 408 (90) minutes. Controlling for age, sex, years of education, and whether respondents were African American and Hispanic/Latino/a, lower perceived tap water quality was associated with lower sleep quality and shorter sleep length.
Results indicate that adverse health conditions related to the water crisis extend beyond lead poisoning in children and include deterioration of sleep conditions among adult residents.
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Published online: June 26, 2017
Accepted: May 17, 2017
Received in revised form: May 13, 2017
Received: April 14, 2017
☆Author contributorship: DJK, SC, and GK designed the research; DJK and SC performed the study; DJK analyzed the data; GK and DJK drafted the initial manuscript; DJK, GK, and SC reviewed and revised the manuscript drafts and approved the final manuscript.
© 2017 National Sleep Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.